Information on Sleep Disorders
A Sleep Disorder is a medical problem that occurs during sleep.
Are you sleepy? Are you having a hard time falling asleep or staying asleep? Do you do ‘weird’ things in the night?
If you answered ‘Yes’ to any of these, you might be suffering from a sleep disorder, also called as somnipathy. It is a medical disorder relating to sleep and wake patterns. While there are some common disorders that usually don’t interfere with general health, there are also those that can significantly affect physical, social, emotional, economic, and mental functioning of an individual. There are many types of sleep disorders. Here, we will just touch the surface of sleep heath and sleep disorders that can cause daytime sleepiness.
Types of sleep disorders
This category of sleep disorder is characterized either by insomnia or hypersomnia. The major factors involved are environmental conditions, internal body mechanism and disruptions in the circadian rhythm. Also, it includes Sleep Disordered Breathing such as snoring, sleep apnea, restless leg, upper airway syndrome, restless leg syndrome and periodic limb movement disorder.
This category entails abnormal behaviors, movements, perceptions, dreams and emotions that are associated with sleep. Examples include bedwetting, bruxism, exploding head syndrome, sleep terror, sleep walking and sleep talking.
Sleep Related Breathing Disorders
See Sleep Apnea Section.
Psychiatric or medical conditions
Mood disorders, anxiety, panic, depression and alcoholism are included in this category. It also includes sleeping sickness, a parasitic sleep disease which can be caused by Tsetse flies.
Rapid Eye Movement
Rapid Eye Movement is common during sleep. REM sleep is one of the five stages of sleep. It is characterized by fast, random eye movements and muscle paralysis.
Other sleep disorders:
|Other insomnia not due to a substance or known physiological condition||F51.09|
|Insomnia Due to Medical Condition||G47.01|
|Hypersomnia Due to Medical Condition||G47.14|
|Narcolepsy With Cataplexy||G47.411|
|Narcolepsy Without Cataplexy||G47.419|
|Idiopathic Hypersomnia With Long Sleep Time||G47.11|
|Idiopathic Hypersomnia Without Long Sleep Time||G47.12|
|Insufficient sleep syndrome||F51.12|
|Other hypersomnia not due to a substance or known physiological condition||F51.19|
|Sleep Related Breathing Disorders|
|Obstructive Sleep Apnea||G47.33|
|Sleep Related Nonobstructive Alveolar Hypoventilation||G47.34|
|Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome||E66.2|
|Sleep Related Hypoventilation/Hypoxemia||G47.36|
|Primary Central Sleep Apnea||G47.31|
|Cheyne Stokes Breathing Pattern||R06.3|
|Central Sleep Apnea/Complex Sleep Apnea||G47.37|
|Other Sleep Apnea||G47.39|
|Other forms of dyspnea||R06.09|
|Other abnormalities of breathing||R06.89|
|Apnea, not elsewhere specified||R06.81|
|Unspecified Sleep Apnea||G47.30|
|Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorders (NOS)||G47.20|
|Delayed Sleep Phase Type||G47.21|
|Advanced Sleep Phase Type||G47.22|
|Irregular Sleep-Wake Type||G47.23|
|Shift Work Type (Shift Work Disorder)||G47.26|
|REM Sleep Behavior Disorder||G47.52|
|Recurrent Isolated Sleep Paralysis||G47.53|
|Other sleep disorders not due to a substance or known physiological condition||F51.8|
|Sleep Related Movement Disorders|
|Restless Legs Syndrome RLS||G25.81|
|Sleep Related Leg Cramps||G47.62|
|Sleep Related Bruxism||G47.63|
|Drug Induced Sleep Disorders|
|Opioid abuse with opioid-induced sleep disorder||F11.182|
|Opioid dependence with opioid-induced sleep disorder||F11.282|
|Opioid use, unspecified with opioid-induced sleep disorder||F11.982|
|Sedative, hypnotic or anxiolytic abuse with sedative, hypnotic or anxiolytic-induced sleep disorder||F13.182|
|Sedative, hypnotic or anxiolytic dependence with sedative, hypnotic or anxiolytic-induced sleep disorder||F13.282|
|Sedative, hypnotic or anxiolytic use, unspecified with sedative, hypnotic or anxiolytic-induced sleep disorder||F13.982|
|Cocaine abuse with cocaine-induced sleep disorder||F14.182|
|Cocaine dependence with cocaine-induced sleep disorder||F14.282|
|Cocaine use, unspecified with cocaine-induced sleep disorder||F14.982|
|Other stimulant abuse with stimulant-induced sleep disorder||F15.182|
|Other stimulant dependence with stimulant-induced sleep disorder||F15.282|
|Other stimulant use, unspecified with stimulant-induced sleep disorder||F15.982|
|Other psychoactive substance abuse with psychoactive substance-induced sleep disorder||F19.182|
|Other psychoactive substance dependence, in remission||F19.21|
|Other psychoactive substance dependence with psychoactive substance-induced sleep disorder||F19.282|
|Other psychoactive substance use, unspecified with psychoactive substance-induced sleep disorder||F19.982|