Below is a compilation of interesting statistics that relate to sleep and sleep disorders. From this list, it will be apparent that there is significant amount of sleep issues and sleepiness in our society. The public health consequences from sleep disorders and sleepiness are staggering.
Sleep Disorder Statistics:
50-70 million US adults have a sleep disorder.
48.0% report snoring.
37.9% reported unintentionally falling asleep during the day at least once in the preceding month.
4.7% reported nodding off or falling asleep while driving at least once in the preceding month.
Drowsy driving is responsible for 1,550 fatalities and 40,000 nonfatal injuries annually in the United States.
Insomnia is the most common specific sleep disorder, with short term issues reported by about 30% of adults and chronic insomnia by 10%
25 Million U.S. adults have obstructive sleep apnea
9-21% of women have obstructive sleep apnea
24-31% of men have obstructive sleep apnea
3–5% of the overall proportion of obesity in adults could be attributable to short sleep
Percentage of bacteria that CPAP cleaners claim to kill: 99%
Incidence of narcolepsy: 50 per 100,000 people
Sleep Deprivation Statistics:
37% of 20-39 year-olds report short sleep duration
40% of 40-59 year-olds report short sleep duration
35.3% adults report <7 hours of sleep during a typical 24-hour period.
100,000 deaths occur each year in US hospitals due to medical errors and sleep deprivation have been shown to make a significant contribution.
Sleep Needs by Age Group:
Adult: 7 – 9 hours
Teenager: 8 – 10 hours
Child 6 – 12 years: 9- 12 hours
Child 3 – 5 years: 10 – 13 hours (including naps)
Child 1 – 2 years: 11 – 14 hours (including naps)
Infants 4 -12 months: 12 – 16 hours (including naps)
Institute of Medicine. Sleep Disorders and Sleep Deprivation: An Unmet Public Health Problem. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press; 2006.
US Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, National Center on Sleep Disorders Research, National Heart Lung and Blood Institute. Drowsy driving and automobile crashes [National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Web Site]. Available at http://www.nhtsa.gov/people/injury/drowsy_driving1/Drowsy.html#NCSDR/NHTSA
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