Home Sleep Test and Sleep Apnea Sleep Study Testing

What is a Home Sleep Test or HST (Sleep Apnea Sleep Study)?

A home sleep test (HST) is a sleep study tool that is used for the diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea. Most HST devices are portable – about the size of a telephone handset. Home sleep testing is also called ‘Unattended Sleep Study’.

They usually measure the following biologic parameters:

  • Nasal and Oral Airflow – by thin wire that is taped by the nose and mouth – some sensors look like an oxygen cannula.
  • Respiratory Effort – by elastic belt bands that are placed across the chest and abdomen.
  • Oxymeter Finger Probe – a small clip-like device that attaches to the finger tip and emits a red light that assists in the evaluation of oxygen levels in the blood while sleeping.

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pdx picture on patient

Person with sleep study unit


A patient is usually ordered a home sleep test by his or her doctor who suspects that the individual has obstructive sleep apnea. The patient usually applies the above mentioned sensors to the body before sleep time and sleeps with the equipment for 1 – 3 nights. The equipment is returned to the diagnostic service company where the data is downloaded and processed for interpretation by a sleep physician.

Once the data is interpreted by a sleep physician, a diagnostic interpretation report is sent back to the ordering physician who discusses the results of the home sleep testing.

Alternative to Home Sleep Testing

The other diagnostic tool for the evaluation of obstructive sleep apnea is Polysomnography. Polysomnography or PSG is a diagnostic test that uses the same sensors as HST but also includes EEG, EKG, EMG, and other biologic measurements in a laboratory setting with sleep technician or sleep technologist. This test is often three times more expensive than HST.


Home sleep study equipment

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Home Sleep Test



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How Much Does Home Sleep Testing For Sleep Apnea Cost?

The cost of a home sleep study, at home sleep study, and use of home sleep study equipment, varies. It often costs between $150 – $500. The costs is often covered by most insurance companies. However, the patient most have the symptoms and meet ‘medical necessity’ for a test. Medicare, Blue Cross, Blue Shield, Aetna, Cigna, and most other insurance companies cover home sleep testing for sleep apnea.

Frequently Asked Questions about Home Sleep Study Testing for sleep apnea:

How long do you where the HST equipment for?

Answer: Usually, you were the HST equipment for 1-2 nights. A sleep apnea sleep study diagnosis can often be made during this period of time.

Is HST uncomfortable or painful?

No, home sleep testing equipment usually attaches to the body by velcro, elastic, and sometimes stickers.

Which is better, home sleep test (HST) or polysomnography (PSG)?

Each type of test has its benefits and disadvantages. HST is more convenient and less expensive. PSG collects more data and is attended by a technologist.

How do I get a Home Sleep Study for Sleep Apnea?

Talk to your doctor. If you have symptoms of sleep apnea, your doctor might order a home sleep test. There are several sleep centers, home sleep study companies, and home sleep test businesses that offer this diagnostic test.    Get a  Sleep Study Here



Get a  Sleep Study Here


What is Sexsomnia? ! ?

What is Sexsomnia?

Sexsomnia is a recently described parasomnia, or unusual behavior that occurs during sleep. Sexsomnia has recently be added to the DSM -5  or Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders which lists most recognized mental health disorders.

Individuals who exhibit sexsomnia symptoms often demonstrate sexual behaviors during sleep. Moaning, body thrusting, and self-pleasuring have been described with this condition. It is believed to occur during slow wave sleep, when most parasomnias occur. Because it occurs during the deepest stage of sleep, those associated with sexsomnia often are unaware of their unusual behaviors. It is usually observed by bed partners.

Sleepwalking is another slow wave sleep parasomnia that occurs during deep sleep. Like sleepwalking, the individual is usually completely unaware of night time events.

Diagnosis is made by health professional based on symptoms.

Like other parasomnias, the potential danger of sexsomnia is related to unintentional injuries that occur during sleep movements.




The American Sleep Association is pleased to announce the decision to endorse select products. Products that are endorsed by ASA must meet certain standards. Endorsed products are reviewed by sleep professionals for a fee. The products may feature the ASA Endorsement Seal which indicate that the product endorsement has been approved.

American Sleep Association endorsement does not suggest, imply, or support the efficacy of any product.

The process of seeking endorsement starts by emailing us stating your interest. Describe the product. If applicable, ASA will follow up with the fee amount and contract. Sample product, any related product materials and advertisements, fee, and signed contract should be sent to ASA for review. Sleep professionals from ASA will review the product. If approved, ASA will notify you within 7 days. Company would then be able to claim ‘Endorsed by American Sleep Association’ seal and status. If product is not approved, full fee will returned. Generally, endorsements last for 5 – 10 years. After period, product endorsement will need to be renewed.

To find out about American Sleep Association, please visit the Contact Us page.


How Many Hours of Sleep Do I Need?

How Many Hours of Sleep Do I Need?

This is a common question. The answer is not a simple number.

Like most things in science, there is a ‘Bell Curve’ to findings. With total sleep time in humans, there is also a Bell Curve distribution of hours of total sleep time.

While the mean total sleep time of adults is about 8 hours, there is much variance on both sides (or tails) of the curve. Some adults only require 6-7 hours. While others require 9-10. That number is that individuals ‘normal’.

We can attribute these findings to genetics. There is connection between families and total sleep requirements.

Regardless of the amount of sleep time that you need, it is important to realize that sleep is a basic biologic need. Like food, water, and air, we all require adequate sleep to be healthy. If we are deprived of sleep, our bodily systems fail.

So, make certain that you get the total sleep time that you need. Your mind, body, job, family, etc. will thank you for it.




Sleep Hygiene Top 5 Tips

By simply following these recommendations, you will facilitate more consolidated and restorative sleep. Although they may seem like common sense, many violate these regularly.


Sleep Hygiene Top 5 Tips:

1. Keep a regular sleep schedule – go to bed and wake up at around the same time

2. Have a quiet and dark bedroom

3. Avoid alcohol, caffeine after 5 pm

4. Don’t read or watch TV in bed

5. Don’t take naps (unless you really need to).


Oral Appliance Therapy for Sleep Apnea Device

Sleep Apnea Oral Appliances    CLICK HERE



Treatment Options for Sleep Apnea – Oral Appliance Therapy. “Sleep Apnea Mouth Device”


There are several treatment options for sleep apnea. One of the options is the oral appliance. Also called Jaw Advancing Device (JAD) or Mandibular Advancement Device (MAD), these sleep apnea mouth pieces are custom made by dentists using a plastic-like mold to form to the specific shape of the patients teeth and mouth.

How Does the Sleep Apnea Oral Appliance Work?

Sleep apnea oral appliances work by moving the jaw forward, which increases the size of the upper airway, thus reducing the air resistance that leads to sleep apnea.

Oral appliances for sleep apnea are often used as a substitute for CPAP or sleep apnea oral surgery. It is often used in conjunction with weight loss if the individual is overweight.

These custom sleep apnea mouthpieces, often called by the general public, ‘sleep apnea mouth guards’,  are often most effective in sleep apnea patients who have mild or moderate sleep apnea.

Sleep physicians often recommend a sleep study before the oral appliance is used (to determine the diagnosis), and after the oral appliance is used (to determine if it is effective).

Consequences of Oral Appliance Therapy

Some sleep apnea patients who use oral appliances experience TMJ or temporal mandibular joint arthritis or arthralgia (pain). Others report an unusual sensation shortly after removing the device in which they have difficulty bring their teeth together in the usual position. Some patients experience teeth shifting after prolonged use.


Although there are several businesses that sell oral appliances on the internet, it is important that your sleep physician, primary care doctor, and/or dentist approve the appliance, as many of the over-the-internet ‘boil and bite’ mouth pieces for sleep apnea are not effective.







The oral appliance is one of several cpap alternatives.  The mouth guard is sleep apnea treatment without cpap.
There are several alternatives to cpap. These dental appliance for sleep apnea are sleep apnea dental devices. Sleep apnea dental appliance are not suitable for all patients. Sleep apnea dental devices are generally more effective in mild – moderate sleep apnea cases.
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